Saturday, April 11, 2015

Manga Tutorial: How to draw manga proportions

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Drawing to measure the proportions of the characters, one refers to the size of the head by calculating the head / body ratio.

Complete information to draw the head on: Tuto how to draw the face


Human proportions

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In reality, a normal human being to a height of about 7-8 heads. But in the manga, its proportions are different.



Chibi
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The chibis are a height of 3 heads. In reality, it is obviously not such proportions. This is why we call these chibi characters or SD (super deformed).



Child

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Babies approximately 1 year have a height of 4 heads.
In the manga, this proportion corresponds to an 8 year old child.
At this age, the female characters have not chest and hips are very thin and the legs.
These proportions are used to represent Kawaii Loli and characters like in the manga Lucky Star.



Preteenager
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Children 5 years make a height of 5 heads. In the manga this corresponds to a teenager from 12 to 16 years.
At this age, body shapes begin to change showing a chest early in female characters.
This kind of proportions are used in cute manga like K-on.


Teenager and young adult
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Children 8 years make a height of 6 heads in reality. But in a manga, this corresponds to a figure between 16 and 30 years. The chest is fully formed, hips and legs are wider. These proportions are the most used in the manga. Many manga like Love Hina, School Rumble, Negima, etc ... use them to their heroes.




Adult
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In reality, teens and young adults are a height of 7 heads, but in the manga it is the girth of a normal adult.


There are many other possible proportions as the heights of 8 heads body, but they are only used in manga realistic style.




Friday, April 10, 2015

Manga Tutorial: How to draw hair

In the manga, the hair is as important as the eyes. This is what will allow readers to differentiate your characters. This is why it is important to realize a different haircut for each of your characters.


The hair must follow the contours of the skull.
Hair fit the skull like a helmet.

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When hair is short, the distance between the hair of the head is reduced, in contrast to long hair.



how to proceed

Step n°1
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First, define the hairline.
To do this, set a point (red) which all hair
leave (called vortex too).


Step n°2

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We now define the direction must take the hair (red arrows) from the vortex. 



Step n°3
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No matter where you start, what is important is that the hair follows the direction of the red arrows. 



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When you draw hair, you should always draw lines against you, starting from the top of the sheet against the bottom. For this, please turn much your sheet.

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The ends of the hair strands are still very sharp and very thin.



Give volume to your hair

To make the hair appear more real, it is important to give it volume by adding reflections.

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Start by sketching the contours of the skull, and then sketch the hair as we did before. 



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Draw wicks


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Define the future reflections (green)



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Color your hair with frames if you have black or making very fine lines.


Some examples:

The hair of this girl
a stiff curly hair mixture

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The hair of this girl are cut into long strands that go in all directions. this gives and a sense of movement.

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To give an effect of "wind in the hair" must be defined with the wind and wicks draw after this.

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In this scene, the hair hug the circular motion of the head. Thus it gives an impression of speed.
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Manga Tutorial: How to draw basic eyes

1) Start by drawing an arc
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Click to enlarge
2) Draw a triangle (red) in which to draw another arc
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Click to enlarge

3) Trace the outline of the iris. This is the part that will contain the color.
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Click to enlarge
4) Draw a new arc of circle of the iris.
He will separate the dark part of the clear part of the iris.
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Click to enlarge
5) To give the impression that the character looks right,
you must place the pupil to right and vice versa for the left.
In our case, we want the eye looks ahead, we
so will place the pupil in the middle.

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Click to enlarge


6) Now we have to fill in black top of the iris and the pupil.
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Click to enlarge
7) Thicken the upper and lower contours of the eye and the contour of the iris.
Add eyelashes, eyelids and sticks in the white iris.

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Click to enlarge
8) Finally, add highlights in the eyes.
The mangaka often use white paint to glare once inked eye. If you did it in pencil you can glare erasing inside the eye. 

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Click to enlarge






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